Bessie Coleman, Civil Aviation Pioneer (1892-1926)

First Black and Native American woman to hold an international pilot license.  She received it in 1921 from the Swiss-based international aeronautical federation.  Jim Crow America would never license a female minority pilot.  Born into a family of Texas sharecroppers, she moved to Chicago, where Robert Sengstacke Abbott, publisher of the “Chicago Defender” advised her to go to flight school in France to obtain a license.  She flew in American air shows under the stage name of Queen Bess until she died in a crash in 1926.

The Year 1926: Bessie Coleman is Killed.Route Magazine (online).
Accessed 26 December 2021.

Kerri Lee Alexander.  “Bessie Coleman (1892-1926).” Women’s History Website, Education Resources.  National Women’s History Museum, Alexandria, VA.
Accessed 26 December 2021.

Bessie Coleman.Wikipedia (website).  Accessed 26 December 2021.