She was an advocate for women’s rights in Java, when pre-independence Indonesia was part of the Dutch-ruled colony called the Netherlands East Indies.
She was self-educated, spoke fluent Dutch and Bahasa-Indonesia, and she established a school for girls. She elevated the status of women in Java, even though she died at the young age of 25.
As most speakers of the Bahasa-Indonesia culture of Java use a single name, Kartini is how she should be known. (On occasion, Westerners refer to her as Raden Adjeng Kartini, but the first two words are a title for married women of the noble Priyayi class, during the Dutch colonial era.
“Kartini.” Wikipedia (website). Accessed 28 December 2021.
“Indonesian Names.” Wikipedia (website). Accessed 28 December 2021.